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By Gwendolyn Leick

The one English-language publication of its variety, this dictionary provides a entire survey of the total variety of historic close to jap structure: from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the large temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Leick describes the diversities of regular historic architectural constructions akin to pyramids, tombs and homes, information the construction fabric and methods hired, and clarifies professional terminology.

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The street was c. 20m wide and paved with limestone and red bracchia. A single large gate led from this road to the Southern Palace (‘Südburg’) which Nebukadrezzar erected over the smaller palace built by the Assyrian king Esarhaddon and his own father Nabupolassar. Afterwards it was extended by Nabonidus (c. 556–539 BC), and used as a royal residence under the Persians. The huge complex is composed of several palace-units disposed around a BABYLON (MODERN BABIL) Babylon: Processional Way sequence of five courtyards.

They concentrated on the Babylon of the Neo-Babylonian period (c. 625–539 BC). It was Nebukadrezzar II (c. 605–562 BC) who was responsible for making the town into one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world. The site was inhabited until the 2nd C BC. The royal and holy city of Babylon was surrounded by a rectangular, impressively strong double wall built of baked brick. A second, outer wall, some ten miles long, protected parts of the city’s large suburbs, and its ‘green belt’ consisted mainly of date palm groves.

Brick braziers of cubic shape, pierced with holes on all sides, have been found in Anatolia (BOGHAZKÖY, KÜLTEPE) and a metal one on wheels at TELL HALAF. Breitraum ‘Broad-room’; a term introduced by German archaeologists to distinguish a room whose entrance on the long side is perpendicular to its axis, from a ‘Langraum’ where the entrance on the short side coincides with the main axis. The ‘Breitraum-cella’, an originally long and spacious cult room uniting worshippers and the statue of the deity in one space, was apparently divided into two distinct spheres sometime in the Early Dynastic period (c.

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