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By Edward Harper Parker

The upshot of it used to be that during 771 B.C. the Emperor was once killed by means of the Tartars in conflict, and it used to be in basic terms by means of securing the army counsel of the semi-Tartar Warden of the Marches that the imperial dynasty was once kept. because it used to be, the Emperor's capital used to be completely moved east from the instant neighbourhood of what we name Si-ngan Fu in Shen Si province to the quick neighbourhood of Ho-nan Fu within the smooth Ho Nan province; and as a present for his companies the Warden was once granted approximately the total of the unique imperial patrimony west of the Yellow River bend and on each side of the Wei Valley. This used to be additionally within the 12 months 771 B.C., and this is often quite one of many nice pivot-points in chinese language historical past, of equivalent weight with the just about contemporaneous founding of Rome, and the sluggish substitution of a Roman centre for a Greek centre within the improvement and civilization of the a long way West.

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All men of equal age and ancestry-- Records make civilization and nobility--Evidences of antiquity-- China and the West totally unknown to each other in ancient times-- Tartars the connecting link--Though tamed by religion they are not much changed now--Traders then, as now, but no through travellers--Chinese probably in China for myriads of years before their records began--Tonic peculiarities of all tribes near China except the Tartars--Chinese followed lines of least resistance-- Tartars driven back, but difficult to absorb--So with Coreans and Japanese-Indo-China not so favourable for Chinese absorption-- Records decided the direction taken by culture--Southern half- Chinese have equal claims with orthodox Chinese--Traditions of ancient emperors in north, coast, and south parts--Suggestions as to how the most ancient Chinese spread themselves--No hint of immigration from anywhere--The old suggestion of immigration from the Tarim Valley and Babylonia--Suggested compromise with Western religious views--Creation and Nature--Compromise with the supernatural and imaginative--Summing up.

Powerful semi-Chinese states began to assert themselves against the federated orthodox Chinese princes lying to their north; but, when dated history first opens, Central China knew nothing whatever of any part of the vast region lying to the south of the Yang-tsz; nothing whatever of what we now call Yiin Nan and Sz Ch'wan, not to say of the Indian and Tibetan dominions lying beyond them; fortiori nothing of Formosa, Hainan, Cochin-China, Tonquin, Burma, Siam, or the various Hindoo trading colonies advancing from the South Sea Islands northwards along the Indo-Chinese coasts; nothing whatever of Tsaidam, the Tarim Valley, the Desert, the Persian civilization, Turkestan, Kashgaria, Tartary, or Siberia.

Johnson went on to illustrate what he meant, by specific allusion to the concessions to Parliament made by Charles I. " This is exactly the position of ancient Chinese history, which may be roughly said to coincide in time with the history of the Jewish kings. The Chinese Annals are mere diaries of events, isolated facts being tumbled together in order of date, without any regard for proportion. Epoch-making invasions, defeats, and cessions of territory are laconically noted down on a level with the prince's indiscretion in weeping for a concubine as he would weep for a wife; or the Emperor's bounty in sending a dish of sacrificial meat to a vassal power by express messenger.

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