By M. Houngnikpo
Matt Houngnikpo examines how household clash, financial stagnation, political instability, poverty and underdevelopment have plagued Africa for many years. He argues reversal of the political, financial and social plight of Africa lies in higher guidelines, stable governance, and, extra importantly, a brand new form of African chief and citizen.
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Colonialism turned people into objects in order to facilitate their manipulation. Colonialism sought to eliminate that inner tension of men possessed of a critical intelligence by denying them their ability, and their “right,” to question. All repressive systems use ideology and psychological coercion in addition to physical violence to buttress their rule. All governments, regardless of their ideological content, seek to convince their subjects that the state has the right to command and the people are morally obligated to obey.
Europeans believed that because they were physically and mentally superior to Africans they should conquer them to civilize the continent. ”16 Although European states were politically divided, they shared a similar way of life and outlook. ” Europeans were extremely conscious and inordinately proud of their civilization, which they believed to be the well-deserved outcome of centuries of progress. Feeling themselves to be the most advanced in the important areas of human endeavor, they assumed that all peoples should respect the same social ideals.
Despite the existence of conventional political parties, elections, parliaments, and other paraphernalia of participatory democracy, the few maintained a tight control over the political process. Dissenters who wished to press beyond token gains had to learn to cope with the new reality. Unable to develop a new strategy DEMOCRACY’S TRAVAILS IN AFRICA 37 and adequate tactics, opponents of neocolonialism lost ground and became marginalized until the wave of democratization. ”2 The collapse of communism has indeed left the world political scene without a serious ideological competitor.