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By Moulavi Geragh Ali

In publishing this paintings, my leader item is to take away the overall and misguided influence from the minds of eu and Christian writers concerning Islam, that Mohammad waged wars of conquest, extirpation, in addition to of proselytizing opposed to the Koreish, different Arab tribes, the Jews, and Christians; that he held the Koran in a single hand and the scimitar within the different, and forced humans to think in his venture. i've got endeavoured during this booklet, i feel on enough grounds, to teach that neither the wars of Mohammad have been offensive, nor did he whatsoever use strength or compulsion within the subject of trust. ** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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A great multitude believed therein; but the brunt of the jealousy and enmity of the Koreish fell upon the converted slaves, as well as upon strangers and believers among the lower classes, who had no patron nor protector. Some believers, sixteen in number, had already left for Abyssinia. Some came back and brought tidings of their kind reception there. [36] This shows the increasing number of the converts, who represented for the most part fugitives of Mecca. [37] The Koreish being disquieted by the hospitable reception of the refugees at Abyssinia, and enraged by the refusal of Najashee to surrender them, sought to stay the progress of secession from their ranks by utterly severing the party of the Prophet from social and friendly communication with them.

But the Moslems could not take up arms to redress their wrongs under certain circumstances iii 5. Moslems otherwise engaged at Medina had no intention of suffering the horrors of war by taking the initiative, but were in imminent danger from the enemy iv 6. The Koreish first attacked the Moslems at Medina. They could not forbear the escape of the Moslems v 7. Three battles waged by the Koreish against Mohammad—Badr, Ohad, and Ahzáb: these wars on the Moslem side were purely in defence, not waged even to redress their wrongs or re-establish their rights vii 8.

Commencement of the state of war. The Koreish being public enemies were liable to be treated as such. 3. The fierce persecutions renewed by the Koreish at the time of the expulsion of the Moslems from Mecca were acts of hostility tantamount to a declaration of war. From that time commenced the state of war between the parties. In the Arab society at Mecca there was neither an organized Government, nor any distinction between a public and private person and property. There was no regular army in the State, and what existed was not a permanently organized body, so provided with external marks that it could be readily identified.

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